Bio-Organic Catalyst Frequently Asked Questions

Below are a list of frequently asked questions that can help you understand how BOC can benefit you or your business.

When is BOC useful in Wastewater Treatment Facilities?

BOC improves wastewater treatment in a number of critical maintenance and processing areas. Key attributes that make BOCs uniquely attractive are its ability to elevate the level of dissolved oxygen (DO) in solution, regardless of aeration technique; ability to solubilize the molecular structure of organic wastes, including the insoluble fats, oils, and grease (FOGs) components, eliminating chronic and dangerous volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as ammonia and H2S gases, and the ability to enhance biological nitrogen removal (BNR) systems. Sewers: Maintaining aerobic environments within collection systems is essential to avoid chronic service problems and dangerous conditions due to hazardous gases, which are also the source of most public complaints. Eliminating slime layers and FOG clogging are excellent maintenance applications for BOCs. They can also be used to increase dissolved oxygen levels within both gravity and forced mains, as well as other aerobically compromised parts of the system. Aeration Systems: BOCs has been shown to make a substantial improvement in aeration systems through raising dissolved oxygen levels, increasing gas transfer rates, and improving bioprocesses. Improving aeration system performance can lower energy requirements (up to 30%), along with acting as a method for maintaining higher dissolved oxygen (DO) levels during heavier loading periods, which provides operators with a means to better manage optimum microbiological activities. Sludge Processing: Processing of biosolids can be substantially improved with addition of BOCs. Sludge volumes have been significantly reduced (up to 40%) while methane production quantities were maintained in full-scale applications. Subsequent treatment and handling of biosolids can be improved due to reduction in odor and better bioprocessing of the bacterial components.

How are BOCs Applied?

BOCs are highly concentrated, completely non-toxic liquid formulation, which are either injected directly into wastewater streams or deployed through spray or fogging systems. It is complimentary to virtually all microbiological systems and chemical purification processes and contributes to the enhancement of these operations. Able to work in conjunction with oxidizing agents, BOCs can substantially reduce the amount of oxidizing agents needed to perform purification requirements, and aid in improving removal of biofilms, which is critical to eliminating pathogen growth and the fouling of filters and membranes. Delivery Systems: Metering Pumps: Generally, it is recommended injection of BOCs, with a metering pump, directly into the wastewater stream. Dosage rates are based both upon the flow volumes and organic contaminate (BOD) loading level. For elimination of FOG clogging, BOCs can be injected into sewers at wet wells or other access points. Injection System: Reduction of ammonia VOCs or wastewater discharges can be substantially improved through injection of BOC into waste stream or sludge transport system. Air Diffusion Systems: To enhance aeration processing, injection of BOC is made directly into an air diffusion system, at a dosage rate calculated by the flow rate or rate required to meet ongoing performance levels. Increased dissolved oxygen levels have been known to be possible through increasing the dosage rates of BOC.

Where is BOC economically viable?

Municipal wastewater operators are faced with multiple challenges, juxtaposed between regulatory compliance, adequate carrying capacities and operating costs. Each of these areas can be favorably impacted by the use of BOCs. The cost/benefit correlation of using BOCs versus other alternatives can be quite compelling. Regulatory Compliance: Increased regulatory discharge levels require operators to evaluate the most cost effective approach to achieving maximum reduction in discharges. BOC helps by addressing bio-processing optimization of existing facilities and therefore are exceptionally cost effective. System Capacity: Total bio-processing loading can be improved through use of BOC in certain key areas. Sewer systems can be both alleviated of chronic FOG congestion and deployed as “pretreatment” components where higher aerobic microbiological conditions are created to reduce the total organic load to plant. Operating Costs: Numerous elements of system costs can be lowered through use of BOCs. Studies show that aeration requirements, along with biosolids processing costs, can be reduced by one third. Many chronic maintenance procedures can be eliminated and personnel deployment savings, along with the worker health risks and public complaints, which are tied to these problems.

Can Bio-Organic Catalysts Help in Nitrogen Removal?

The potential of using BOC to improve nitrification processes is promising due to the oxygen demand required for oxidation of ammonia to nitrate. Ammonia oxidizing bacteria (Nitrosomonas) obtain their energy by oxidizing ammonia nitrogen to nitrite nitrogen and the nitrite oxidizing bacteria (Nitrobacter) by oxidizing nitrite to nitrate nitrogen. The oxygen demand for complete nitrification is high as nitrifiers are aerobic and adequate dissolved oxygen levels must be maintained to sustain nitrification. BOC has been shown to increase dissolved oxygen levels and lowering the transition of energy required for a catalytic reaction to occur. The Company has also conducted test programs on the addition of a BOC prior to sludge dewatering for ammonia reduction. These studies showed : Reduction of Ammonia concentrations: In the filtrate was reduced 45% to 66% from its untreated level after a contact time with the BOC of between 2 and 3 minutes. Ammonia odor reduction: The filter press operator stated that during the trial, the odor from the filter press was significantly reduced (75%).

Significance of new product(s) in your industry?

Bio-Organic Catalyst, Inc. has created and patented a novel and completely unique method of purifying and treating water, soils and other substrates that is totally safe for the environment. They are an entirely new and unique line of products and, most importantly, a new product category of biochemistry. BOCs provide capabilities that integrate solubilization (physical), oxidation (chemical), and catalysis (biological) characteristics (S – O – C). BOC is not enzymes, bacteria, or oxidants. BOC are liquid organic catalysts, completely safe for human, animal, and marine life.

Competitive advantage of the BOC biocatalytic compositions?

BOC product formulations perform multiple positive functions, and are not only non-toxic, they are biologically enhancing. BOC ability to increase dissolved oxygen and gas transfer rates, at the same or lower energy levels, and accelerate biodegrading, provides the solution to fundamental chronic maintenance and operational needs universal to all cleaning and wastewater treatment applications worldwide. BOC improves worker safety and quality of life for communities, eliminating complaints about odors, transforming the conditions that create odors, and providing critical attributes for meeting the purification of our water resources. In contrast, although chemical oxidation agents are widely used and may provide good utility; they are detrimental to biological processes and therefore unable to provide the complete life cycle optimization of BOC in environmental waste management. Biological additives can provide more specialized benefits, such as when indigenous biological media may need seeding. However, as currently used, the effectiveness of biological additives can be limited, potentially harmful, and do not significantly impact the underlying environmental biological vitality. BOC work from a “supply side” approach where both chemical and biological reactions are enhanced through the functionality of the integrated attributes of BOC. Waste treatment and water purification are then harmonized, resulting in less overall chemical usage, optimization of wastewater treatment within existing facility infrastructure, and better discharge quality. In every wastewater facility, industrial manufacturer, food processor and server, hotel/resort or hospitality location, office building, school, and hospital, harsh chemicals are used to solve the multiple challenges of water purification and elimination of pathogenic wastes. These are almost all based upon a chemical model which uses a powerful, but dangerous oxidative ‘punch’ to kill off potential disease carrying pathogenic contaminants. BOC approaches the problem from an entirely new direction, where organic contaminants are catalytically broken down to their fundamental elements. This allows BOC to replace or augment traditional chemicals, by its safe and very effective cleaning agent, which presents no immediate danger to the user, and doesn’t produce dangerous byproducts that present ongoing risks to people and our environment.

Product innovation in terms of unique or revolutionary technology?

The integration of solubilization, oxidation and catalysis (S – O – C) provides for the first time a universally applicable biochemistry platform that addresses the need for a complement to existing chemical and biological processes, an ability to eliminate or substantially reduce toxicity in waste management, and strong economic values in reducing waste management treatment costs. The formulations work by creating a nearly instantaneous catalytic breakdown of organic molecules, making them more readily digestible by indigenous bio-organisms, as well as more rapidly oxidized by chemical agents. Rather than attempting to break down specific organic elements, as an enzyme would do, a broad cascading action is created, accelerating biological degradation throughout the entire spectrum of organics contaminants. This breakthrough technology provides many benefits throughout all aspects of water treatment and cleaning applications. BOC solubilizes organic materials, increasing the nutrient availability for indigenous bacteria and reducing the volatile organics for odor control. BOC improves aeration efficiencies, thereby enhancing biological activity. BOC accelerates ionic interactions, helping inorganic oxidation reactions and making nutrients more available to bacteria. BOC activates biomass and increase biodegradation, including petroleum hydrocarbons, within a shorter period of time, and at a lower cost. BOC is the only cleaner that also accelerate the biodegrading of residues being cleaned. The increased oxygen availability, higher dissolved oxygen levels, and enhancement in the solubility of cellular material, lead to significantly faster molecular interactions and creates an immediate catalyzing effect on contaminants. This unique ability of BOC to rapidly break down organic contaminants leads to a whole new class of cleaning and remediation agents, where contaminants are not only removed, they are also degraded into their more fundamental components, and hence are more easily eliminated.

Product acceptance in the marketplace?

The acceptance of BOC has been a challenge of identifying and exploiting points of entry as the cleaning and wastewater treatment industries are conservative and skeptical by nature, and where the engineering mindset is to build. Our integrated (S-O-C) approach effectively utilizes solubilization (physical), oxidation (chemical) and catalysis (biological) (S-O-C) is a new and disruptive technology, bringing transformative culture and mindset changes on the part of the marketplace participants. Market acceptance is now accelerating as the broader market demands for practical and superior non-toxic chemical alternatives are coinciding with greater demands upon wastewater discharges to meet higher levels of regulatory compliance.

New product value-added services provided to customers?

Cleaning and wastewater treatment have traditionally been seen as separate and discreet management functions. With the introduction of BOC these two fundamental aspects of environmental management can be integrated and optimized. Because it’s a new category of physical/ chemical/ biological solutions, BOC is “value-added” in that: • they it is a synergistic and integrated solution, • they are concentrated, are potent and convenient, and work heavily diluted in water, • they are dose responsive, i.e.; increasing the dose increases the effect. In practice, equipment manufacturers can complement their system performance with a biochemistry that enhances biological processing, thereby extending the utility of existing equipment and facilities, linking formally isolated components in a total life cycle improvement of waste treatment. Petroleum hydrocarbon remediation, across many fields of economic activity, can be linked to a general cleaning/washing procedure that will reduce costs, and provide overall enhancement of total environmental quality control.